Installation and maintenance of RIP is performed through the Routing and Remote Access MMC Snap-In:
Use the buttons below to navigate through the lesson
Right click on General and Click New Routing Protocol….
Select RIP Version 2 for Internet Protocol and click OK.
RIP has appeared in the IP Routing listing. Right-Click on it.
Select New Interface.
Select the interface that RIP will be bound to. This will be used to listen for other RIP routers broadcasting their routes, and also for this router to broadcast its routes.
There are two possible Operation Modes. These are Periodic update mode and Auto-static update mode.
Periodic update mode is normally used on LAN interfaces, and periodically sends out its routes. All routes are removed if the router is restarted. Auto-static update mode is normally used on demand dial interfaces. Routes are broadcast when another router requests them, and are stored in the routing table even if the router is restarted.
Outgoing packet protocol determines whether to use RIP v1 broadcasts, RIP v2 broadcasts, RIP v2 multicasts or if the router is to be a Silent RIP host.
The Incoming packet protocol allows you to select which type of packets the router should listen for.
You can assign the metric for the routes on this interface; a low metric for a fast LAN connection or a high metric for a slow modem connection, for example.
You can Activate authentication (and assign a password) if you only want to accept routes from authenticated routers.
Investigate the Security tab next. The security page allows you to determine which routers are “trusted” (i.e. their routes will be accepted), and which routers you wish to send your routes to. First select whether this rule is for incoming or outgoing routes. Then select a radio button depending on whether you want to Accept all routes, Accept all routes in the ranges listed, or Ignore all routes in the ranges listed. If this is chosen you must then enter a “From” and “To” address defining a range. Several distinct ranges can be added by clicking Add.
Explore the Neighbours tab next. The Neighbours tab allows you to direct your routing tables at specific routers, rather than (or in addition to) using multicasts or broadcasts.
The first three settings are only applicable to periodic updates. They specify the update interval (how often your router sends out it’s broadcasts), the expiry time (if a route is not updated within this time it is marked invalid), and the time that must elapse before expired routes are removed from the routing table.
Click Advanced. The first three settings are only applicable to periodic updates. They specify the update interval (how often your router sends out it’s broadcasts), the expiry time (if a route is not updated within this time it is marked invalid), and the time that must elapse before expired routes are removed from the routing table. Here is determined whether or not to use “Poison Reverse”, “Split Horizon” and “Triggered Updates” (described earlier).
Click OK to see further configuration settings!.
Explore the Properties of RIP. Here you can configure the detail of the routers logs, and the maximum time the router should wait before sending a triggered update.
Now investigate the Security tab. From the Security tab you can configure whether the router will accept all routes, only accept routes from allowed hosts, or ignore specific hosts.